Metabolic Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments and Diet

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What Causes Metabolic Syndrome

Systemic insulin resistance can result from impaired insulin action in metabolically active organs and tissues, including skeletal muscle, the liver, and adipose tissue. The degree to which systemic insulin resistance is due to impaired insulin action in skeletal muscle, liver, or adipose tissue may vary among individuals.

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic risk factors that can result in a myriad of cardiovascular events. These risk factors are high waist to hip circumference, high blood pressure, diabetes and elevated cholesterol levels. Metabolic syndrome is very high in African American and Hispanic women. Approximately 35% of Americans have metabolic syndrome.  People diagnosed with metabolic syndrome has a 50% chance of getting diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

signs of metabolic syndrome

Scientists are not 100% sure of what causes metabolic syndrome, but the thought is that insulin is the culprit.  Insulin resistance and obesity are considered to play a big role. Obesity causes inflammation, and evidence shows that metabolic syndrome is an inflammatory state. In fact, it is believed that inflammation plays a role. People diagnosed with metabolic syndrome has a 50% chance of getting diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

What Causes Metabolic Syndrome

Scientists are not 100% sure of what causes metabolic syndrome, but the thought is that insulin is the culprit.  Insulin resistance and obesity are considered to play a big role. Obesity causes inflammation, and evidence shows that metabolic syndrome is an inflammatory state. In fact, it is believed that inflammation play role.

Signs and Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome

  • A large waistline
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Elevated triglycerides
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Cancer

 

Risk Factors for Metabolic Syndrome

  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Stress
  • Poor diet
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Medications

 

Medications and Treatments for Metabolic Syndrome

  • MetforminMetformin is a diabetic agent that Helps your body utilize insulin. High Insulin levels are known to contribute to metabolic syndrome. Therefore, doctors have been using Metformin with good success. However, there are some side effects of Metformin such as G.I. distress and decreasing B12 levels. It is imperative that your doctor check your B12 levels with this medication
  • Actos -This medication prevents diabetes in people with insulin resistance. Actos increases insulin sensitivity by activating insulin receptors.

Natural Treatments for Metabolic Syndrome

  1. Coconut oil –  Coconut oil has properties that are known to decrease insulin resistance. The lauric acid which is an ingredient in coconut oil has these properties.
  2. Spearmint tea – This tea has anti-androgenic properties and it has been shown to help with some of the signs and symptoms of metabolic syndrome in women such as facial hair.
  3. Low carb high-fat diet-  For me, this has been the most helpful in treating my diagnoses of metabolic syndrome. There are many forms of low-carb high-protein diet such as Atkins, Mediterranean, Banting, etc. I have always lost weight on this diet especially in my midsection. Also, my blood work always shows improvement in my cholesterol and insulin levels. This is a very easy diet to follow. If you cut out sugar, white foods, bread, and starchy vegetables, this diet will work its magic.
  4. Exercise- Exercise along with a low carb diet high protein diet is the top two solutions for metabolic syndrome.
  5. Chromium –  Chromium is an important component of the human diet. The food and drug administration proposes a dietary intake of 130 micrograms per day. Chromium is known to have a beneficial role in the regulation of insulin and its effects on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Studies have shown that people who have insulin resistance and diabetes have a lower level of chromium. Dietary chromium is poorly absorbed, therefore people should take supplements. Chromium picolinate 1000 µg a day has been found to improve blood glucose control.
  6. Weight loss – Weight loss and a low carb diet have been shown to help decrease the symptoms of insulin resistance.

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2 thoughts on “Metabolic Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments and Diet”

  1. My husband had a heart attack and had a surgery to replace a valve last year. We are still learning all we can about heart disease and we have made a lot of changes in our diet and lifestyle. Thank you so much for this information!

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