Magnesium benefits and the signs and symptoms of deficiency and prevention is important to the overall health of the body. Magnesium is abundant in the cells, and it is responsible for over 300 processes in the body.
Magnesium benefits the heart, kidney, joints, and many other organs in the body. This article will discuss the magnesium benefits, sign, and symptoms of deficiency, and prevention of magnesium deficiency.
Magnesium Benefits: Signs and Symptoms of Magnesium Deficiency
The federal government’s 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans notes that “Nutritional needs should be met primarily from foods.
Foods in nutrient-dense forms contain essential vitamins and minerals and also dietary fiber and other naturally occurring substances that may have positive health effects. In some cases, fortified foods and dietary supplements may be useful in providing one or more nutrients that otherwise may be consumed in less-than-recommended amounts.”
|Muscle fasciculation||High blood pressure||Psychosis||Teeth caries|
|Positive Chvostek’s sign||Chest pain||Nystagmus||Stroke|
|Positive Trousseau’s sign||Muscle painTeeth||Seizures||Tremors|
People at Risk for Magnesium Deficiency
- Decreased dietary intake:
- Parenteral infusions without magnesium
- Gastrointestinal malabsorption and loss
- Severe or prolonged chronic diarrhea
- Increased renal loss
- Congenital or acquired tubular defects
- Loop diuretics
- Amphotericin B
- Primary and secondary hyperaldosteronism
- Syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone hypersecretion
- Diabetes mellitus
- Chronic alcoholism
- Excessive lactation, heat, prolonged exercise
- Severe burns
- Cardiopulmonary bypass surgery
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans describes a healthy eating pattern as one that:
- Includes a variety of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products, and oils. Whole grains and dark-green, leafy vegetables are good sources of magnesium. Low-fat milk and yogurt contain magnesium as well. Some ready-to-eat breakfast cereals are fortified with magnesium.
- Includes a variety of protein foods, including seafood, lean meats and poultry, eggs, legumes (beans and peas), nuts, seeds, and soy products. Dried beans and legumes (such as soybeans, baked beans, lentils, and peanuts) and nuts (such as almonds and cashews) provide magnesium.
- Limits saturated and trans fats, added sugars, and sodium.
- Stays within your daily calorie needs.
- Good food sources of magnesium include unrefined (whole) grains, spinach, nuts, legumes, and white potatoes (tubers). This review presents recent research in the areas of magnesium and chronic disease, with the goal of emphasizing magnesium’s role in disease prevention and overall health.
Magnesium in Disease Prevention
Magnesium also plays a critical role in nerve transmission, cardiac excitability, neuromuscular conduction, muscular contraction, vasomotor tone, blood pressure, and glucose and insulin metabolism.
Because of magnesium’s many functions within the body, it plays a major role in disease prevention and overall health.
Low levels of magnesium have been associated with a number of chronic diseases including migraine headaches, Alzheimer’s disease, cerebrovascular accident (stroke), hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Magnesium is a Key Nutrient for Overall Health
Magnesium is extremely important for overall health. According to Nurse Phyllis, over 75% of Americans are deficient in magnesium. .Americans are not getting enough magnesium. Magnesium Benefits: Signs and Symptoms of Deficiency and Prevention is an overall indication of good health.
Magnesium and Alzheimers Disease
The most widespread reason for dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s is the 6th leading cause of death in America accounting for over 80,000 deaths per year. A study was done in Alzheimer’s patients and their magnesium status.
It was found that people diagnosed with Alzheimer’s had a significantly lower level of magnesium in their blood. This low magnesium level was related to cognitive function impairment.
Individuals with Alzheimer’s disease and low magnesium levels also had significantly lower Mini-Mental State Examination scores. Then lower the intakes of calcium, potassium and magnesium were, the greater the rates of dementia.
Magnesium and Strokes
Strokes can lead to paralysis, communication problems, inability to swallow, and malnutrition. Strokes are the 4th leading cause of death in America accounting for 130,000 deaths per year.
The most common cause of stroke is uncontrolled high blood pressure. Magnesium has been implicated in the cause of high blood pressure.
Magnesium has a role in blood pressure control, therefore it would make sense to study the relationship between magnesium and stroke.
The study found a direct relationship between low magnesium intake and risk of stroke. The researchers found that for every 100mg of magnesium that was taken per day, the risk of stroke dropped 8%. Magnesium intake was inversely associated with the risk of ischemic stroke.
Magnesium and High Blood Pressure
Magnesium is one of the most important minerals involved in blood pressure regulation. When you have enough magnesium in the cell, hinders the action of calcium, therefore the vessels relax and it decreases blood pressure.
Studies have shown that higher doses of magnesium led to greater reductions in blood pressure.
Cardiovascular disease is a chronic disease that is the leading cause of death in America. Low magnesium has been shown to accelerate atherosclerosis. Cardiovascular benefits of magnesium include:
- Glucose stabilization
- Lipid metabolism
- Regulation of high blood pressure
- Anticoagulant agent
Magnesium and Diabetes Mellitus
The relationship between magnesium and diabetes has been studied in many different settings. Magnesium plays a role in glucose and insulin metabolism. A study was done on individuals diagnosed with diabetes. It was found that 65% of the people with diabetes had low magnesium.
Out of all of the metabolic syndrome symptoms, high cholesterol was the main symptom associated with low magnesium.
Magnesium is a very important mineral. Magnesium is important in all systems of the body. It is somewhat