Lupus and heart disease is prevalent in people who have lupus. Lupus is an autoimmune disorder that has an unknown trigger that causes the person’s own body to attack its tissues. This damage causes widespread inflammation and damage. There is no cure for Lupus, but treatments are available. The most common type of Lupus is systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Lupus can be controlled with proper treatment.
Lupus Damages the Heart
Lupus can be from mild to life-threatening. The course of the disease depends on the patients level of compliance and treatments. There are many doctors that specialize in treating Lupus.
Lupus Heart Disease: Who Gets Lupus?
African American women are three times more likely to get Lupus than any other group. It is also more common in Latino, Asian, and American Indian women. African Americans tend to get Lupus at an earlier age. Lupus causes heart disease in African American women.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, “Lupus is an autoimmune disease that triggers inflammation in different tissues of the body. Autoimmune diseases happen when the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. The most common type of lupus is systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which affects different parts of the body including internal organs.
Lupus Heart Disease: Can Lupus Cause Heart Problems?
We had an unfortunate 23-year-old brought to the hospital via 911 with complaints of shortness of breath and an elevated heart rate. She was diagnosed with lupus at the unfortunate age of 10 years old. This patient has been in and out of the hospital since she was a child. Systemic lupus causes heart disease.
According to the Journal of Clinical Immunology, “Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus have a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular events due to atherosclerosis. Traditional cardiac risk factors cannot fully explain this increased risk.
Recent evidence strongly suggests that atherosclerotic plaque is largely driven by inflammation and an active immunological response, in contrast to the long-held belief that plaque is a passive accumulation of lipids in the arterial wall”
Can Lupus Cause Heart Arrhythmia?
Lupus has caused this patient to have congestive heart failure, hypertension, and kidney failure. This patient is on dialysis three times a week. However, the patient has been somewhat non-compliant. Therefore, when the patient missed her dialysis she became fluid overloaded. Since the patient cannot urinate, and she is still drinking fluids, the fluid and toxins have nowhere to go.
Why does Lupus Cause Heart Failure and Kidney Failure
Because lupus is an autoimmune disease, oftentimes the heart can become inflamed. This is called myocarditis. Myocarditis can weaken the heart muscle; therefore, causing heart failure. However, with medications and antibiotics, the heart muscle can usually improve in many cases.
Other Symptoms of Lupus are:
- Acute skin changes such as the butterfly rash. In fact, the “butterfly” rash is one of the hallmark symptoms of Lupus. Often times, people go to the doctors because they have the rash over their rash/face.
- Chronic skin rashes
- Mouth ulcers on the tongue or roof of the mouth
- Hair loss or alopecia
- Sun intolerance: This is another hallmark symptom that brings people to the doctors’ office. When people diagnosed with lupus go into the sun, they can get dizzy and lightheaded. Just to be sure, there are also certain medications that will make you have sun intolerances such as hydralazine, HCTZ, and Benicar.
- Joint pain and tenderness on palpation of the joints
- Pleurisy or pericardial pain that lasts more than 3 days
- Renal impairment where the creatine levels are impaired
- New-onset seizures, or psychosis
- low white blood cell count
Abnormal Lab Values
- Elevated ANA levels
- the presence of Anti-Sm antibodies, Anti-dsDNA antibodies, Antiphospholipid antibodies
- Positive Direct Coombs test
Cardiac Manifestations of Lupus
Forty to sixty percent of Lupus patients have some pulmonary involvement called dry or wet pleurisy.
The most common cardiac manifestation of lupus is endocarditis, as well as pericarditis or myocarditis.
If the endocarditis of the heart is not treated, the person can go into heart failure. This is because the heart muscle gets very stiff and this will lead to cardiomyopathy. When the heart muscle gets stiff, it cant contract properly and the heart will start to fail.
Lupus can be a challenging disease. However, treatment is advancing through leaps and bounds. It is best to be treated at a teaching hospital.