Updated 4/3/2018

Elevated Blood Pressure Symptoms

Hypertensive Disease:Complications, Strokes, Risks, and Treatment

    A major common complication of hypertensive disease pressure is a stroke. Stroke or a CVA kills around 150,000 Americans each year. Stroke accounts for 5% of all deaths. Every year, more than 800,000 people will have a stroke. Twenty-five percent of people that have had a stroke will have another one.  Ninety percent of strokes are ischemic strokes. An ischemic stroke occurs when the blood flow is blocked to the brain. Elevated blood pressure can be subtle, or people cannot have any symptoms at all. Elevatyed blood pressure is extremely dangerous without treatment. 

Stroke is a major expense to the healthcare system because of the extended stays in the hospital, the inpatient rehabilitation, the outpatient rehabilitation, and sometimes nursing home care. Stroke is a leading cause of disability for Americans. A hypertensive disease is very dangerous when it is not treated. 


Elevated Blood Pressure Signs and Symptoms

  • Fatigue and confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Nose bleeding
  • A headache
  • Anxiety or nervousness
  • Palpitations
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Impotence

What are Normal Blood Pressure Readings

Hypertensive Disease:Complications, Strokes, Risks, and Treatment

Causes of High Blood Pressure

  • Smoking
  • Obese people
  • Being Pregnant 
  • People of African- Americans descent
  • People with a poor diet
  • People taking certain medications
  • People who do not exercise
  • People using illegal drugs
  • Being elderly


High Blood Pressure and Stroke

    According to the National Institutes of Health, these complications of high blood pressure and other disorders are serious diseases that can lead to kidney failure, heart failure, and stroke. Blood pressure is the force of blood pulsing through the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. If the blood pressure remains high, it can damage the blood vessels in the heart and brain, and cause a stroke. Complications of high blood pressure can have some disabling effects.

    The Institute of Health has done a plethora of research studies and trials on people with high blood pressure and stroke. This study included 515 people who had suffered an ischemic stroke. Sixteen percent of the patients had high blood pressure. Some of the complications of high blood pressure include other diseases such as kidney disease and heart disease.  

    When a person presents to the hospital, and they are diagnosed with an ischemic stroke, the majority of the time the person will have an elevated blood pressure. This is a defense mechanism by the body to get more blood to the brain to improve perfusion. In fact, the doctor prefers for the patient to have a slightly elevated blood pressure for the first few days of the stroke to improve perfusion and allow for collateral circulation.

Collateral circulation is when blood vessels provide an alternative source of blood supply to the brain that has been compromised by the stroke. This study proved that 76% of the patients had high blood pressure initially before the stroke. Many of these people also had a history diabetes and kidney disease. Stroke is considered a modifiable complication of high blood pressure.


How to Regulate High Blood Pressure

Non-modifiable factors:

  • Age The average age of a stroke that has had a stroke is 45-85 years.
  • Genetic factors- Evidence shows that a positive family history of stroke increases the risk of a stroke.
  • Low birth weight-  Strokes are higher among people with a low birth weight.
  • Race/ Ethnicity – African-Americans and Hispanics have a higher incidence of stroke. It is unclear whether these differences are genetic or environmental. African-Americans certain have a higher incidence of high blood pressure than any other ethnic group.

Modifiable risk factors:

  • Lack of exercise is associated with many adverse health effects.
  • High cholesterol
  • Diet and nutrition- Dietary factors are excessive weight, low potassium intake, low magnesium intake, and excessive table salt.
  • High blood pressure- this may or may not be a modifiable factor. Blood pressure tends to creep up with advanced age. Non- Drug or lifestyles adjustment is the first line of treatment for mildly elevated blood pressure. If lifestyle does not bring down the blood pressure, most people can maintain a normal blood pressure with medications.

Hypertensive Disease:Complications, Strokes, Risks, and Treatment

Natural Treatments for High Blood Pressure

  • Exercise and diet- Walking just 30 minutes a day had been proven to decrease blood pressure.
  • The DASH diet has been proven to decrease blood pressure probably because of the increased potassium intake.
  • Aged garlic is beneficial for high blood pressure.
  • Yoga exercise
  • Stress reduction measures such as meditation and acupuncture
  • Curcumin
  • Beets